Inspire the Youth Foundation
Soccer Lesson Plan


· Length of time: 6 to 8 weeks
· Length of class: 40 minutes
· Equipment and Materials: 35 soccer balls, cones, colored shirts, pug nets, soccer field, gym area (bad weather)
· Rational: The purpose of the soccer unit is to teach students the fundamentals of soccer and the rules and regulations of the game.

Unit Outcomes (Objectives)

Cognitive: After the unit on soccer, the students will have a basic, fundamental knowledge for the game and the skills involved. The students will learn the rules, strategies, positions, and the basic skills of the game. They will also be able to show what they have learned in a written exam. The students will receive a brief history of soccer so that they understand where the game came from.

Affective: After the unit on soccer, the students will develop their social skills, and be able to relate to one another and work together. These kinds of skills will be developed through game-like situations and working with partners. Other qualities that will be developed are sportsmanship, teamwork, and positive attitudes. The goal of this unit is to focus on the attitude of each student while playing the game of soccer.

Psychomotor: After the unit on soccer, the students will develop the physical skills that will enable them to become better soccer players. The students will learn the skills of dribbling, passing, trapping, shooting, goalkeeping, offense, defense and all necessary skills that are needed to become a good player. The students will learn new skills in the sport of soccer, and they will be challenged to try new techniques.

Sequence of Activities

· Warm ups
1. A light jog around the field to get the blood flowing and the muscles warm
2. High knees
3. Back kicks
4. Inverted toe touch
5. Quad stretching
6. Gating in and out
7. Light jog to sprint to open up the legs

· Skills
1. dribbling
2. passing
3. trapping
4. shooting
5. one-touch
6. thrown-ins
7. free kicks and penalty kicks
8. goal keeping
9. offense and defense

Lesson plans

Day 1 (introduction)

Warm up

· light jog around the field
· high knees
· back kicks
· inverted toe touch
· quad stretch
· gates in and out

Objectives: Students will understand the basic rules of the game, positions, and learn some terminology and history of Soccer.

Description of the Lesson

· Brief introduction to Soccer
· Rules and regulations of Soccer
· History of Soccer
· Positions and formations

Day 2 (Basic dribbling skills)

Warm up

· Light jog around field
· High knees
· Back kicks
· Arm circles
· Toe touch
· Quad stretching
· Mountain climbers

Objectives: Students will be able to dribble the ball properly. They will begin to learn to use both feet and try and pick their head up when possible.

Description of the lesson

· Key points when dribbling
1. Keep the ball close to your body
2. Take a touch on the ball with every step
3. Knees Bent
4. Head Up
5. On the balls of your feet

· Students will practice dribbling with their dominate foot first from one cone to another, first at a short distance.

· Students will then try alternating feet so that they become comfortable using both their dominant and non dominant foot.

· Students will then dribble through cones to practice accuracy and keeping the ball close to them.

· Students will then play a game to practice this skill. They will have a designated space to dribble in, preferably the size of the eighteen. They will continuously dribble throughout the space until the teacher calls out different body parts to be placed on the ball. (ie; head, foot, elbow, ear, etc.) This is a fun activity for the students but also practices the skill of dribbling

Day 3 (Passing)

Warm up

· Light jog around the field
· Lunges
· Jumping jacks
· Half a lap around the field with a ball
· Toe touches, arm circles, quad stretch, calf stretch

Objectives: At the end of the lesson, students should be able to perform a successful inside of the foot soccer pass that is accurate and on the ground. Students should gradually be able to pass a moving ball, pass the ball while moving, and pass with their non-dominate feet. The teacher will evaluate the students by a cue checklist for inside of the foot passing.

Description of the Lesson:

· The teacher will talk to the students about the importance of passing

· The teacher will discuss the components of passing so that it can be broken down for the students so they will easily understand passing.

· Practice partner passing with dominant foot (do not focus on trapping here, this will be learned in the  next lesson, too much information at once will make them unsuccessful)

1. move back and pass from further distances
2. practice with non-dominant foot

· The students will then practice passing using the weave. The students will line up into three equal lines. Place one soccer ball in the middle line. The 3 students at the front of each line will go at one time. The student in the middle line passes the ball to the student in the left line and runs behind them. The student on the left passes the ball to the student on the right and runs behind them. The passes continue in a weave, as the passer follows their pass. The group does this to the end of the gym or field (to the fifty) and back, and then gets in the back of their line.

· The students will then practice their accuracy with passing. Their will be gates set up on the other side of the field with cones. Each student will grab a partner and one ball between the two of them. Each set of partners will stand by a gate. When the whistle is blown they will dribble around the space and try and pass the ball through as many gates as possible. If they miss they must try again until they make it. They will do this for about 4 minutes and then ask them to try for 2 minutes with their non-dominant foot.

· Close the lesson by asking the students about the importance of passing and the proper techniques that are used.

Day 4 (trapping)

Warm up

· Light jog around the field
· Star jumps, karaoke, skips, soldiers
· Butterfly stretch, calf stretch, glut stretch, hip stretch

Objective: Students will be able to trap the ball properly by using the inside of their foot.

Description of the Lesson:

· The teacher will focus on trapping with the inside of the foot only. This is the simplest and most effective form of trapping and will work best at the beginner stage.

1. Always stand on the balls of your feet with your knees slightly bent. The soccer ball should be treated like a fragile egg, and you should always give with the ball when trapping it. Do not stand straight up like a penguin, having stiff body parts will make the ball bounce off of you and you will not have control over it. A soft foot is key.

· The students will grab a partner and use what they have learned from the passing lesson and now add trapping with the inside of the foot.

· The students will now do a relay race to practice trapping and passing. Break the students off into two equal groups. There will be two cones for each team. Half of the team at one cone, the other half across from them at the other cone. Same for the other team. There will be one ball for each team. They will pass the ball to the other line, they will have to successfully trap the ball and then pass it back, they will go through this twice and the first team to complete this task and have everyone seated wins. If the trap is unsuccessful, they must pass it back and try again.

Day 5 (heading)

Warm up

· Light jog, push ups, butt kicks, high knees, back stretch, neck stretch

Objectives: Students will properly be able to head the ball, both offensively and defensively.

Description of the Lesson:

· First the teacher will teach heading and the importance of safety.

· Heading can be used to pass, shoot, or trap the ball. Attack the ball with the center of the forehead just above the eyebrows. 2. Keep the arms out as a shield to protect yourself from other players. 3. Keep your eyes open at all times. Always stand with the feet shoulder width apart, be aware of the people around you, use good posture, and concentrate. Aim for a target when heading the soccer ball. One should lean back to create loft, and lean forward to shoot the ball directly.

· Have the students get with their partners and work on the skill. One student will head the ball the other student will catch the high ones and trap the low ones. Have each student do 10 of each.

· Next, students will play a game to have some fun and also improve upon the skill. The teacher will always throw the ball towards the players head as if the player is going to head the ball. The teacher yells "HEAD" or "CATCH" to the player he is tossing the ball to. The player must quickly react to the teachers command and perform the event the teacher yells. If the teacher yells "HEAD" the player must head the ball back to the player. If the teacher yells "CATCH" the player must catch the ball and return it to the teacher. If the player performs the wrong action, that player sits and only standing players are active. The last player standing wins the round.

· If this is too easy for the students you can add a variation to the game. When the teacher yells head, they must catch the ball, and when the teacher yells catch, they must head the ball.

· Recap on what the students have learned so far, there will be a quiz next class to assess the cognitive aspect of day 1 through day 5.

Day 6 (quiz and shooting)

Warm up

· Light jog, high knees, butt kicks, inverted toe touch, frankensteins

Objectives: Students will be able to show what they have learned up until this point with a cognitive quiz. Students will also be able to shoot learning both power and accuracy. Students will learn the proper techniques to shooting as well.

Description of the Lesson:

· First, students will take a short quiz on the cognitive aspects of what they have already learned.

· After the quiz students will play a game of knockout to warm up. They will be in a designated area, like the eighteen, and each student will have a ball. The object is to protect their ball while trying to knock the other students’ balls outside of the designated space. If a student gets knocked out, they are to practice one of the skills they have already learned until the game is over.

· Next, the teacher will demonstrate the proper techniques of shooting.

· Ankle locked
Land on foot that you shoot with
Follow through
Head down
Don’t lean back
Knee over ball
Use the instep of your foot or laces
Drive the ball

· The students will then practice this by lining up in a line in front of the goal, if there is not a goal available set up cones instead. There will be two lines, they are to dribble up until they are at the cone, which is at first, a close distance from the goal, and then take one touch and shoot. As the drill continues the cone can be moved further back. Their can be a goalie for this drill, but it is not necessary.

· The students will then split up into two even teams and play a shooting drill. Their will be two cones inside the goal and this time they are shooting for accuracy. The cones will be placed about 4-5 yards from each post. In order for a team to gain a point they must shoot the ball in between the cone and the post. The team with the most points wins after each person in both lines goes twice.

Day 7 (penalty kicks)

Warm up

· Light jog, butterfly stretch, arm circles, toe touches, sprints

Objectives: Students will be able to properly take a penalty kick using what they have learned from the previous lesson on shooting, using both proper form and technique.

Description of the Lesson:

· Students will also warm up by doing some partner passing.

· They will then practice some shooting, it is important to warm up the legs gradually.

· Then the teacher will explain the rules and techniques of a penalty kick. The techniques are similar to shooting and should be familiar to the students from the previous lesson learned.

· The students will then practice penalty kicks, there will be two goals available so that time is not wasted having students wait for their turn.

· After the students have practiced a few times they will have a penalty kick contest. The teacher, or if there is a goalie in the class, will be in goal during this activity. Each student will be in the game until they miss, in which case they will be out of the contest and can sit behind the designated area, the eighteen, and cheer their classmates on.

Day 8 (throw-ins)

Warm up

· Light jog, arm circles, forearm stretch, toe touches, arm stretch, back stretch

Objectives: Students will properly be able to throw the ball in using the proper form and technique. Students will also learn the rules of a throw in.

Description of the Lesson:

· The students will be given a handout with the rules of a proper thrown in and a broken down demonstration of the technique.

· Students will then get in partners and they will practice the skill.

· First, the students will practice it without using a ball. They can either choose the drag or the plant. They will go through the motions of a throw in 5-10 times.

· Next, they will add the ball. They will practice for proper form not distance. They will stay in the same partners and get across from one another. The student who is doing the throw in will throw to their partner and their partner will trap the ball and then pass it back. Once the partner does five throws they will switch roles.

· After this, students will line up on the base line in two rows, ones in the front and two in the back. This time they will try and throw for distance.

Day 9 (small sided games)

Warm up

· Light jog around the field, shuttle runs at a jog, hamstring stretch, quad stretch, calf stretch, 2 short sprints.
Objective: Students will take what they have learned throughout the unit and put it towards the small sided games. They will have to work together and play quick in the tight space. This will really focus on all the skills.

Description of the Lesson:

· Students will be broken up into 2 groups of five and 4 groups of 4. The two teams of five will play each other and the other groups of four will play each other.

· Their will be six small sided fields set up with pug goals. The teams will also get pinnies to distinguish what team they are on.

· They will play six minute games and each team will play each other or until times allows.

· No penalty kicks, free kicks, corner kicks, goal kicks or punts. If the ball goes out of bounds they must put the ball down and pass it in. These elements will be used in the full sided game.

Day 10 (full field game)

Warm up

· Light jog around the field, shuttle runs at a jog, hamstring and quad stretch, calf stretch and arm circles.

Objective: The students will be able to put everything together that they have learned from the entire unit. This will give the teacher an idea of what he/she taught well or needs to improve upon for next time. Hopefully each student will have an improvement from day one.

Description of the Lesson:

· Students will be broken down into two teams of thirteen.
· One team will wear one color pinnie, the other team another color.
· They will use what they have learned and set themselves up in positions.
· They will play a game eleven vs. eleven.
· The teacher will be the referee, and the two substitutes for each team will be substituted in by the teacher frequently.
· The students will play two fifteen minute halves. 
· They students will include everything they learned from the entire unit and put it together into a regular game.